iron and steel making process ppt


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The History of Steel - The Balance - Make Money Personal

Dec 19, 2018· One of the earliest forms of steel, blister steel, began production in Germany and England in the 17th century and was produced by increasing the carbon content in molten pig iron using a process known as cementation. In this process, bars of wrought iron were layered with powdered charcoal in stone boxes and heated.

Steelmaking - Wikipedia

Steelmaking is the process for producing steel from iron ore and scrap.In steelmaking, impurities such as nitrogen, silicon, phosphorus, sulfur and excess carbon are removed from the sourced iron, and alloying elements such as manganese, nickel, chromium and vanadium are added to produce different grades of steel.Limiting dissolved gases such as nitrogen and oxygen, and entrained impurities ...

116364638 Iron and Steel Manufacturing Process Ppt ...

116364638 Iron and Steel Manufacturing Process Ppt - Download as Powerpoint Presentation (.ppt), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation slides online. iron nd steel

The Modern Steel Manufacturing Process - The Balance

May 16, 2019· Methods for manufacturing steel have evolved significantly since industrial production began in the late 19th century. Modern methods, however, are still based on the same premise as the original Bessemer Process, which uses oxygen to lower the carbon content in iron.

Control of Pollution in the Iron and Steel Industry

POLLUTION CONTROL TECHNOLOGIES – Vol. III - Control of Pollution in the Iron and Steel Industry - D. L. Doushanov ©Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS) prevent, reduce, or eliminate adverse environmental consequences in the iron and steel industry. From the standpoint of the new millennium there must be realized a change

Iron and Steelmaking -

Pig iron is divided into steel-making pig iron, which is intended for further processing to steel by various refining processes, and foundry pig iron, from which cast iron is produced by re-melting. Directly Reduced Iron Directly reduced iron is a product of iron (steel) direct reduction from ores in the solid

Introduction to Iron and Steel - Texas A&M University

Steel: Iron with a bit of carbon in it— generally less than 1%. 4 Introduction to Iron and Steel A few definitions and general descriptions are in order Pig iron: Raw iron, the immediate product of smelting iron ore with coke and limestone in a blast furnace. Pig iron has a very high carbon content, typically 4-5%, which makes it very brittle and

Manufacturing of steel - SlideShare

Oct 28, 2014· •The rest of the iron is used to make steel. 10. • Hot metal from the blast furnace and steel scrap are the principal materials used in Basic Oxygen Steel making (BOS) • Modern furnaces, or 'converters' will take a charge of up to 350 tonnes and convert it into steel in around 15 minutes.

What Is a Steel Casting? Casting Process

producing a steel casting Casting Process The manufacture of steel castings is discussed in this handbook, however, a simplified flow diagram (Figures 1-1 and 1-2) is shown to give an overview of the process steps. Pattern Equipment Chapter 11 discusses this important step in the casting process in


Jun 21, 2016· Primary Steel making Process. It is the process of making steel from carbon-rich molten pig iron. The process was introduced and developed in 1948 by Robert Durrer. However, VOEST and OAMG commercialized this method in 1952–53. The name LD converter came after the name of the two Austrian towns Linz and Donawitz.

Process analytics in the Iron and Steel Industry - Siemens

Process analytics in the Iron and Steel Industry Steel is and will remain the most important engineering and construction material in the modern world. With an actual steel production of over 100 million tons per month, the global iron and steel industry is a very dynamic industrial sector.

Iron Ore Processing for the Blast Furnace

Iron Ore Processing for the Blast Furnace (Courtesy of the National Steel Pellet Company) The following describes operations at the National Steel Pellet Company, an iron ore mining and processing facility located on the Mesabi Iron Range of Minnesota. Creating steel from low-grade iron ore requires a long process of mining, crushing,

Tata Steel Jamshedpur - Steel Making Process - YouTube

Nov 08, 2011· Tata Steel was the first company to commercially produce iron and steel in India and Asia. Decades later Tata Steel continues to be a market …

COREX Process | Iron Making | Iron Steel Review | Industry ...

Compared with the traditional iron making process via the blast furnace route, the COREX process differs since non coking coal can be directly used for ore reduction and melting work, eliminating the need for coking plants. The use of lump ore or pellets also dispenses with the need for sinter plants.

Presentation steel making - SlideShare

Sep 05, 2015· Presentation steel making 1. Modern steelmaking abhay deo 12met012 Metallurgy,giet Gunupur 2. Content Introduction Types of steel Classification of carbon steel Process of steelmaking • Basic oxygen furnace • DRI based steel making • Bessemer process • Open hearth furnace production of steel Modern steelmaking process

Iron and Steel Manufacturing

Iron and Steel Manufacturing Industry Description and Practices Steel is manufactured by the chemical reduction of iron ore, using an integrated steel manufac-turing process or a direct reduction process. In the conventional integrated steel manufacturing process, the iron from the blast furnace is con-verted to steel in a basic oxygen furnace ...

Steel - Primary steelmaking |

Steel - Primary steelmaking: In principle, steelmaking is a melting, purifying, and alloying process carried out at approximately 1,600° C (2,900° F) in molten conditions. Various chemical reactions are initiated, either in sequence or simultaneously, in order to arrive at specified chemical compositions and temperatures. Indeed, many of the reactions interfere with one another, requiring ...

iron and steel manufacturing process.ppt | Steel | Iron

Oct 26, 2010· iron and steel manufacturing process.ppt - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation (.ppt), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation slides online. iron and steel manufacturing process.ppt

detailed process of steel manufacturing ppt

iron and steel manufacturing process.ppt - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation (.ppt), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation slides online. Get Price Steelmaking Technology for the Last 100 Years: Toward Highly ...

powe point presentation of sponge iron making process

Sponge Iron: Slab: ... 7. Specific power consumption. (kWh / tonne of steel). Iron Making ... during the awards ceremony or at a later point in time. ... Ministry of Steel, power point presentations will be made by the applicants. ... iron and steel manufacturing process.ppt | Steel | Iron - Scribd. iron and steel manufacturing process.ppt ...

Direct reduced iron - Wikipedia

Direct reduced iron (DRI), ... DRI contains some siliceous gangue, which needs to be removed in the steel-making process. History. Producing sponge iron and then working it was the earliest method used to obtain iron in the Middle East, Egypt, and Europe, where it remained in use until at least the 16th century. There is some evidence ...

Steelmaking and Refining | Introduction to Chemistry

Steelmaking Overview. Steelmaking is the second step in producing steel from iron ore. In this stage, impurities such as sulfur, phosphorus, and excess carbon are removed from the raw iron, and alloying elements such as manganese, nickel, chromium, and vanadium are added to produce the exact steel …

Manufacture of Steel by Bessemer Process - YouTube

Mar 14, 2013· Molten pig iron from the blast furnace is stored in a mixer to keep the pig iron molten and at an identical temperature and also keep the composition of the molten metal from dissimilar lots quite ...

12.5 Iron And Steel Production - US EPA

12.5 Iron And Steel Production 12.5.1 Process Description1-3 The production of steel at an integrated iron and steel plant is accomplished using several interrelated processes. The major operations are: (1) coke production, (2) sinter production, (3) iron ... diagram of the iron and steel industry in Figure 12.5-1. Coke production is discussed ...


MANUFACTURE, PROCESSING AND USE OF STAINLESS STEEL: A REVIEW OF THE HEALTH EFFECTS _____ Prepared by: HJ Cross, J Beach, LS Levy, S Sadhra, T Sorahan, C McRoy Institute of Occupational Health University of Birmingham Edgbaston Birmingham B15 2TT UK Commissioned by: European Confederation of Iron and Steel Industries (EUROFER) Rue du Noyer 211

How is Steel Produced? | World Coal Association

Iron making. Iron ore is mined in around 50 countries – the largest producers are Australia, Brazil and China. Around 98% of iron ore is used in steel-making. During the iron-making process, a blast furnace is fed with the iron ore, coke and small quantities of fluxes (minerals, such as limestone, which are used to collect impurities).

The chemistry of steelmaking. The big picture.

The main steps in making steel are shown on the left. You can find more information about each step by clicking on it. ... Making iron by removing oxygen from the ore is the first step in the manufacture of steel. ... The overall process is a redox reaction, in which iron (III) oxide is reduced and carbon monoxide is oxidised.

Basic oxygen steelmaking - Wikipedia

Basic oxygen steelmaking (BOS, BOP, BOF, or OSM), also known as Linz–Donawitz-steelmaking or the oxygen converter process is a method of primary steelmaking in which carbon-rich molten pig iron is made into steel. Blowing oxygen through molten pig iron lowers the carbon content of the alloy and changes it into low-carbon steel.

An Introduction to Steel and Steel Metallurgy

IRON. Integrated Steel Making Flowline . S. TEEL. M. AKING. Strand Casting Rolling Mill . Scrap . Ladle . Melting Electric Arc Furnace . Mini Mill Steel Making Flowline . STEEL MANUFACTURING PROCESS 19 . S . TEEL MAKING. Solidification of Steel . Dendritic Zones . Equiaxed Zone . Forge Press . Soap Bubbles as an Analog for Grains .

NPTEL :: Metallurgy and Material Science - Steel Making

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